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The History of Bolton

There is strong historical evidence that man has  occupied the area around Bolton for hundreds of years, consisting of a stone circle and  Bronze Age burial mounds. The Romans built roadways in the area and evidence of Saxon documents were discovered  when the existing Bolton  parish church was under construction in Victorian times. In 1251, King Henry III offered the town of Bolton a charter to hold markets as well as in 1253, it was made into  a market community.

In the 15th century the area of Bolton  was occupied  by many Flemish weavers, drawn to the area  by the humidity, the high rainfall in Bolton allowed  fine  cotton textile production because the fibres were less prone to breakage.  A very successful  cotton and wool weaving sector was established as a result, and as the textile industries grew the town became known as a mill town. During the Industrial Revolution, the population of  Bolton grew rapidly and by the 19th century the community continued to expand reaching its peak in  1929 with 216 cotton mills as well as 26 dye works  in the town. Bolton was one  of the largest cotton spinning centres in the world .  The fabric sector was sustained by the  big iron foundries and engineering works that also existed in Bolton .

Landmarks around Bolton are many and are vestiges of Bolton’s past.   St. Peter’s Church is one landmark, the church was  finished in 1871,  and  is an  outstanding  example of Gothic Revival architecture . It includes a 180 foot high tower which contains 13 bells. It houses a gallery in which can be located artefacts found from the earlier churches built on the same site.

Bolton Town Hall is very imposing building , built in the neoclassical design; there a gallery in Smithills Hall, which dates back to the 14th century.  Hall i’ th’ Timber is another  gallery, originally a yeoman farmer’s dwelling from the Middle Ages. When you visit Bolton , make sure to have a look at Le Mans Crescent, where you will find magnificent Regency structures which house an art collection and art gallery.

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