The fringes of a rug are another very vulnerable area and one of the most easily damaged place on an oriental or Persian rug. The fringes can be quite long and are usually constructed of light coloured cotton or wool , they are easily tangled or soiled and discoloured or broken off.
If the fringe of your rugs is very dirty you may want to try washing it without soaking the rest of the rug, it can be a bit tricky to accomplish this and requires putting a towel or plastic sheet below the fringe area and then spraying with cleaner or washing the fringe and then rinsing it and drying with a hairdryer. The fringes should be thoroughly dried after washing, otherwise the water in the fringe will travel into the body of the rug and may cause colour transfer on to underlying carpet or colour bleed within the rug itself.
We strongly recommend that bleach not be used on a rug fringe. Even in solution a bleach can wick from the fringe into the body of the carpet and cause problems. Bleach can cause disintegration of old cotton fringe fibres and will discolour wool fibres. It is very expensive to repair bleach damage to rugs
Curled edges and corners
Curling corners and edges in a rug are a very common problem. This is not due to wear but to problems in the knotting of the rug during its manufacture. It occurs often in those rugs that are tightly knotted and that have a thick pile. This happens because the rug is much wider at the surface of the rug than at thebase of knot. The fibres spread as they reach the surface of the rug away from the knot.
Even very expensive and high quality rugs can eventually start to curl at the edges. The curl is partly caused by the difference in the surface and base width of the rugs, but another common reason is that too much tension has been allowed in the weft fibres when the rug was being constructed. The weft fibres are the foundational fibres that run the the width of the rug. If these weft fibres are not continuously adjusted during the weaving of the rug it will produce a curl in the rug later. A well woven rug has to be adjusted for tension throughout the weaving process.
To repair curled corners and edges in a rug is not easy. Whether it can be restored depends partly on the source of the problem– It has to be determined whether the curl is from excessive tension in the weft fibres or whether it has been knotted too tightly.
These problems are not apparent when the rug is new but they become worse over time. In most situations the edges of the rug have to be cut and the weft fibres loosened and then the edges resewn. It is not possible to force the edges of a curling rug to lie flat just by force or by using heavy books etc. It is a problem in the structure of the rug and has to be addressed by experienced carpet repair techincians