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Kilim is a weaving technique that produces rugs of a very distinctive design and form. Because it takes less time to make kilim rugs, they are often cheaper to buy and they are flatter and easier to roll up and carry . Kilim rugs do not have a knotted pile they are woven from the wefts and warps. The name kilim is derived from the Persian “gilim” which means coarse woven blanket. .Because they have no pile and lie low on the ground they are known as flat weave rugs Kilim rugs are known for their bold geometric designs and patterns and often coloured with earthy, subdued palettes . Kilims are often of Afghani or Pakistani origin and have become very popular for modern homes they are often less expensive but very attractive. Many kilim rugs are elegant and have sophisticated patterns, but they may not be as durable as oriental pile rugs. Kilims traditionally for warmth or decoration of the Nomadic tribe whereas now they are they are produced for export and are very popular all over the world.
The weaving skills for producing the kilim rugs have been handed down by nomadic tribes over time , Berber rugs are another type of woven rug , which similarly was originally crafted by nomads and now is produced for the commercial market .Kilim rugs were created in regions of Iran and Afghanistan, and Pakistan made on simple horizontal looms that were easy to move from place to place as the nomads followed their flocks to new grazing areas. Because of the firm, flat-woven surface of the Kilm rug it has a robust and easy-care texture. And had many different uses, serving as wall hangings, and of course as floor coverings, and also being made into bags or horse saddles.
There are many decorative motifs that are used in the weaving of kilim rugs and some of these have symbolism that has been passed down through the generations within the tribe. Geometric designs are common and also plant and animal motifs illustrating the journeys of the nomads. Wool is the most common material that the kilim rug is woven from because they most often had herds of sheep and goats that were the livelihood of the tribe
Wool has excellent insulating properties and accepts the dyes that were used to decorate the rugs. Many of the dyes were of natural origins from plants and vegetables but nowadays the modern production of kilim rugs is more likely to use synthetic dyes because they are so much easier to use. Synthetic dyes are more stable and less subject to fading.
Modern kilim rugs
Contemporary kilim rug production is inspired by the traditional weaving methods and decoration used by the nomad tribes that originated the rugs and they can introduce a wonderful splash of ethnic decoration to a home. With their soft woollen construction they are warm and hard wearing and an easy way to start a rug collection that every home can afford. They are now most often produced and designed with modern techniques, machine woven and are dyed with synthetic dyes but they are still very attractive pieces that add style to a room Elements of their traditional symbols and motifs are often preserved and the colour palette tends to remain earthy and subdued the kilim rugs often give an aura of calm and relaxation to a room and are chosen to create harmony and style